Asset allocation means that you spread your money among different asset classes, such as equities, fixed income, and cash equivalents. Each of these respond differently to different trends in the market, so having a blend of them in your portfolio can help you minimize losses in a market downturn.
In general, the younger you are, the higher percentage of equities you should own. This is because you have a longer investment period in which to make up losses if they occur, and the stock market has always trended up over time. More seasoned investors might have a higher percentage of fixed income holdings and be more reliant on regular income than on big stock gains.
Asset allocation is a key component of any investment strategy. Your portfolio should be diversified, and how your assets are allocated can reduce your risk. partially determines how diversified you are.
Although asset allocation is a critical part of creating a diverse portfolio, it is not quite the same concept as diversification. You can have your money allocated across several types of asset classes without properly diversifying those investments. For example, if the stocks in your portfolio are all securities in just a few large-cap companies, you may have concentration risk.
Diversifying your portfolio means covering a lot of different risk and return levels with your various investments. In order to receive favorable federal income tax treatment as a “regulated investment company” (RIC), a fund must have at least 50% of their assets invested in cash, cash items, government securities, and other securities that do not exceed 5% of fund’s total asset value. The Funds intend to qualify as RICs for federal income tax purposes.
Core holdings are the central investments of a long-term portfolio. When building your portfolio, it is essential that the core holdings have a history of reliable service and consistent returns.
A common strategy that investors use is to hold an asset that tracks the overall market for an extended time horizon, such as an S&P 500. They will then augment that asset with specific stocks or other types of funds such as Electronically Traded Funds (ETFs) to create opportunities for gaining better risk-adjusted returns.
These secondary investments are called satellite or non-core holdings. They focus on growth stocks or specific sectors of the market that are poised to outperform. Once an investor has built a strong core holding for their investment portfolio, they have more flexibility to take on risk in other areas of their portfolio.
Allocating assets based on your individual investment strategy is what almost every investor would consider good practice. Even billionaire institutional investors lose money on certain bets. But since they are properly hedged, it ensures they will not go down on a single bad investment.
A balance between equities, fixed income, and cash instruments is also important because it is a strategy that allows for macroeconomic movements beyond an investor’s horizon.